This is a photo of a female Dark-eyed Junco that I photographed on the 28th of March near one of my bird feeders. This was at my place in the Ouachita Mountains of Arkansas. These are some of the most abundant birds I see here in the Ouachita National Forest when I am out hiking during the winter. They also flock to my feeders, but it is difficult to photograph one on a nice perch. Most of the time they like feeding on the ground underneath the feeder.
Dark-eyed Junco Facts
Males tend to have darker, more conspicuous markings than the females.
Their breeding habitat is coniferous or mixed forest areas throughout North America. In otherwise optimal conditions they also utilize other habitat, but at the southern margin of its range it can only persist in its favorite habitat. Northern birds migrate further south, arriving in their winter quarters between mid-September and November and leaving to breed from mid-March onwards, with almost all gone by the end of April or so. Many populations are permanent residents or altitudinal migrants, while in cold years birds may choose to stay in the winter range and breed there. In winter, juncos are familiar in and around towns, and in many places are the most common birds at feeders.
These birds forage on the ground. In winter, they often forage in flocks that may contain several subspecies. They mainly eat insects and seeds. (Wikipedia)